Oregon Highway Use Tax Bond

Oregon Highway Use Tax Bond  

The Oregon Department of Transportation (ODOT) regulates motor carriers and administers their fuel and highway use tax payments. In exchange for providing the carrier with a license to operate large vehicles, ODOT requires some form of guarantee that tax payments are made. The easiest, least expensive way for a trucker to make that promise is to get the Highway Use Tax Bond from Jet Insurance Company.

APPLY FOR HIGHWAY USE TAX BOND


As long as your reports are filed, suspensions are avoided, and all payments are made, the bond is only needed for your first year of trucking.

What Is the Cost of a Highway Use Tax Bond in Oregon?

Because Jet cuts out the middleman, we can provide the Highway Use Tax Bond for $75 for new Oregon motor carrier operations with fewer than seven trucks, the lowest premium rate in the market. For all other carriers, there are many factors that can influence the cost of the bond starting with number of vehicles, carrier classification, prior violations, and your personal credit. Highway Use Tax Bonds cost between $75 and $1,500 depending on these factors.

Oregon Highway Use Tax Bond Cost
bond limit bond Cost
$5,000 $100
$10,000 $150
$20,000 $300


Can Jet File the Motor Carrier Bond With ODOT for Me?

Yes! While most agents, brokers, and carriers just mail you an original bond, which you have to sign and then mail to ODOT (hopefully they remember the raised seal and provide proper mailing instructions), that level of customer service is simply unacceptable at Jet. We know you need to commence, or resume, operations without delay so we immediately fax a copy of the bond to ODOT to activate your license. Even though ODOT allows 30 days to mail in the original bond with the raised seal, we process the original on the day the bond is issued (next day if issued late in the day) to ensure we have plenty of time to deal with any unforeseen problems.

With Jet as your surety partner, you don’t have to worry about anything but carrying your load.

Below is the address for ODOT if you would like to file your bond with any other paperwork you need to submit:

Oregon Department of Transportation
3930 Fairview Industrial Drive SE
Salem OR 97302-1166
FAX: (503) 378-3736

Why Does ODOT Require Truckers to File a Highway Use Tax Bond?

The Oregon Department of Transportation wants a guarantee that highway use taxes will be paid. Highway use and fuel taxes fund road maintenance and improvements, so if the road is used ODOT wants to ensure funds are collected for repairs. Unlike state and federal highway taxes charged at the pump per dollar of fuel, ODOT relies on mileage (‘highway use”) reports from motor carriers with large loads. If the motor carrier goes out of business, ODOT still needs funds related to the amount the road was used. With a bond, the surety company guarantees payment of all amounts due up to the limit on the bond.There are three main types of mortgage lenders, all who fall under the Mortgage Lender Bond requirement.

New Commercial Motor Carriers Bond Requirement

All brand new motor carriers, or existing carriers that have not previously operated in Oregon, need to purchase this bond. Until the trucking operation has established themselves with a full 

APPLY FOR NEW CARRIER BOND

The bond limit and consequently bond cost varies based on the number of vehicles utilized by the motor carrier.

Oregon Highway Use Tax Bond Limits
Number of vehicles bond limit
1 $2,000
2-5 $375 for each vehicle 
6-10 $250 for each vehicle 
11+ $125 for each vehicle 
Max Bond Limit $10,000


Established Motor Carriers Bond Requirement

Once established, motor carriers are not required to carry the highway tax use bond. However, if a carrier has been suspended, has outstanding bills, has not reported tax filings or has not made tax payments on time then they will be required to carry a bond.

APPLY FOR ESTABLISHED CARRIER BOND

This bond can be waived once the motor carrier has all bills paid, suspensions lifted and has filed all reports on time for one year straight. The limit of the bond increases with the number of vehicles in the fleet, but never higher than $20,000. While the limit for the bond can be substantial the bond price ranges from $75 to $750 for established carriers.

Established Motor Carriers Bond Limits 
bond limit bond Cost
1 $2,000
2-5 $750 for each vehicle 
6-10 $500 for each vehicle 
11+ $250 for each vehicle 
Max Bond Limit $20,000


Private Carriers - Gasoline Only Bond Requirement

Companies utilizing trucks in their operation that carry 26,000 lbs of freight or more and farmers are required to carry the Highway Use Tax Bond. Not all farmers need the bond and the exemptions are listed in the Oregon Revised Statutes.

APPLY FOR PRIVATE CARRIER BOND

For private carriers that only use gasoline in their vehicles the bond limits are less as compared to carriers who use diesel or other fuels. Prices for these carriers range from $75 to $750.

Bond Limits for Private Carriers - Gasoline Only 
bond limit bond Cost
1 $500
2+ $150 for each vehicle
Max Bond Limit $10,000


Private Carriers - Other Than Gasoline Bond Requirement

Private carriers have different bond limits if any one of their vehicles uses diesel or other fuels.

APPLY FOR PRIVATE CARRIER BOND

While the minimum bond premium is the same as gas only fleet the bond prices go up at a slightly increased rate due to the higher bond limits. Bond prices range from $75 to $1,125.

Bond Limits for Private Carriers - Other than Gasoline  
bond limit bond Cost
1 $750
2+ $225 for each vehicle
Max Bond Limit $15,000

 

Do I Need to Renew the Highway Use Tax Bond?

Not typically, but Jet can help if you need to renew the bond. The Oregon Highway Use Tax Bond is not typically required after the carrier’s first year of operation, but a renewal could be required if a carrier has late tax filings, a suspension of its authority to carry over 26,000 pounds, or any outstanding amounts due ODOT.

Conditions for a waiver of the Oregon Highway Use Tax Bond:

  • No late tax filings
  • No suspension
  • No outstanding payments

The Oregon Department of Transportation reviews the security requirement after one full year of reporting. They will mail a release (“waiver”) of the surety bond requirement if and when the agency determines the carrier has met the above requirements. Jet will check with ODOT at the 11-month mark and let you know if things are looking good for the waiver. If so, Jet will immediately initiate the notice of cancellation process with ODOT so you do not pay for any period on the bond that you do not need. If the bond is needed longer, Jet will quickly send you renewal terms for the bond so you have ample time to renew prior to the expiration of the bond.

If a carrier doesn’t meet the ODOT reporting requirements or is hit with a suspension the bond requirement will stay in place. Additionally, the bond limit may be increased if the carrier increases their number of trucks, owes money from prior accounts or fails an audit by 15% or more for required tax amount.

Do I Always Have to Provide Monthly Reports to Oregon Dept of Transportation? 

No. Motor carriers are required to file reports documenting vehicles, weights, miles and taxes in order to document their tax liability and provide highway usage data to ODOT. New carriers are required to file highway use tax reports monthly. Carriers that have operated in the state for more than 12 months can apply to report usage quarterly. To qualify, ODOT requires a “clean and consistent” record of reporting and an annual tax liability under $3,600.

  • Conditions for motor carriers to file highway use tax reports quarterly:
  • Clean, consistent record of reporting
  • Annual tax liability under $3,600

Can I Cancel the Motor Carrier Bond and Get a Refund?

You can with Jet! The Oregon Department of Transportation must receive notice 30 days in advance for cancellation of a Highway Use Tax bond to go into effect. If you want to cancel your bond for any reason, Jet will promptly provide you with a full refund of any amount on the bond you haven’t used.

Jet cuts out the middleman so unlike many agents and brokers does not charge any cancellation, reinstatement or other fees and unlike many surety bond carriers does not include any “minimum earned” amounts in their insurance rate filings.

How Do Truckers Avoid a Bond Claim From ODOT?

Motor carriers need to pay their taxes in full and on time to avoid a claim on their bond. The Oregon Department of Transportation provides a portal to make the tax payments online for all truckers.

The ODOT Audit Department will perform an audit to investigate the tax filings of each trucking operation. Typically, this audit is performed every three years. Truckers have 30 days to review the audit and make any corrections and/or payments necessary. If there is no resolution, ODOT will go after the carrier’s bond for taxes due and can collect from the surety company up to the limit on the bond form. 

Motor carriers should avoid ODOT collecting on their Highway Use Tax bond since failure to reimburse the surety for any claim payouts will result in suspension of the carrier’s permit they need to operate in the state of Oregon. If the claim is resolved, the motor carrier can be required to obtain the bond again for an even higher bond limit and start the clock over to receive a waiver on the bond. In addition, motor carriers that make late tax payments face 10-20% additional fees on top of the tax amount due with a maximum 25% fee if a tax report is not filed at all. ODOT can also charge interest of 1% per month until paid.

While Jet’s claims department always works hard to defend our business owner clients from frivolous claims, there is only so much we can do in the case of a government agency claiming it did not receive taxes due so be sure to maintain accurate, thorough records and make your tax payments on time. The State of Oregon provides a recordkeeping guide for motor carriers to reference. The most important takeaway from the guide is that carriers are required to submit a mileage tax report each month to cover operations for the preceding calendar month, including periods in which the carrier didn’t operate in Oregon.

ODOT allows carriers to file estimated weight-mile tax reports, however, the actual weight-mile reports must be filed within 30 days of the estimate. In general, ODOT frowns upon the use of estimates and imposes the bond requirement after the initial term on carriers that file estimates more than twice.

Do Truckers Need to Buy Other Bonds in Oregon?

Yes, but it depends on what you do. Motor carriers in Oregon are required to purchase and file the following bonds depending on their business activities:

The Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA) requires all freight brokers transporting goods across state lines to file a surety bond under 49 U.S.C. 13906 (Form BMC-84).

FREIGHT FORWARDER BOND 

The Oregon Department of Transportation requires all suppliers of automotive fuel to file a surety bond.

FUEL TAX BOND

The Oregon Department of Environmental Quality (DEQ) requires all businesses carrying waste tires to obtain a permit and file a surety bond.

WASTE TIRE CARRIER BOND

The Oregon Department of Transportation requires all suppliers of any fuel, other than gasoline, used to propel motor vehicles to file a surety bond.

USE FUEL USER/SELLER BOND

What Is New for Oregon Truckers in 2020?

As of January 1st, 2020, changes in legislation have modified several motor carrier fees. Among these increases are the Highway Use Tax fees, Flat Fee Rates, Road Use Assessment Fee Rates, and Weight-Mile Tax Rates. All these changes can be reviewed at the ODOT website’s investment page

Registration Cab Card, Sticker, and Plate fees have raised to $3 per initial issuance or replacement. A decrease was seen in Single Trip Permits and Continuous Trip Permits (licensed for state highways annually) from $8.50 to $8.00. 

However, some of the most frequent fees saw no changes for 2020. These include Heavy Vehicle Trip Permits staying at $43, Temporary Passes at $9, and the rates for the Continuous Operation Variance Permits (COVP), which license both state and county roads. 

 

Oregon Highway Use Tax Bond Form